What exactly is evaporative cooling?

Among the climate control systems used in the food manufacturing industry, evaporative cooling is the most energy-efficient and environmentally-friendly system available.

If you’re looking to cool a modern manufacturing facility, three main methods can be used, either as a stand-alone solution or in combination to create a so-called hybrid solution. Mechanical ventilation, refrigeration-based air conditioning, and evaporative cooling are the three types of air conditioning available to consumers.

Neglecting indoor air quality while pursuing other energy efficiency goals, such as tighter building envelopes, can result in building environments that harm the health, comfort, and productivity of your employees, thus defeating the overall goal of building design, which also includes cost savings and reduced energy consumption. Because of its ability to meet the demands of facility cooling while avoiding the high capital and operating costs associated with the other two cooling methods mentioned above, evaporative cooling has emerged as the most popular of the three cooling methods mentioned above.

Evaporative cooling systems, as opposed to air conditioning systems that use re-circulated air, circulate cool fresh air throughout a building and force out the stale hot air that has accumulated there. After passing through a cooling chamber of water, the fresh air from the outside is circulated throughout the building using an air-conditioner.

If you are interested in purchasing evaporative coolers, please visit our website at portacool.com.

Nature has provided precedents for cooling through evaporation, with human perspiration serving as the most obvious and straightforward example. When it comes to evaporative cooling of machinery and buildings, the same principle applies:

What are the various types of evaporative cooling systems available to you?

Direct and indirect evaporative cooling are the two types of evaporative cooling. Most of the concerns about evaporative cooling, such as introducing humidity into the environment, are concerns about direct evaporative cooling, which is a different method of cooling than indirect evaporative cooling.

Evaporative cooling in direct contact with the air

A direct evaporative cooling system is the most basic type of evaporative air conditioning, and it is widely used in hot and dry climates worldwide. It is common for this system to employ a fan to draw hot air from the surrounding environment, which is then passed through a wetted medium. During the process of evaporation from the wetted medium, water absorbs heat from the air, resulting in cooler air leaving the evaporative cooler. As a byproduct of the evaporative process, the water that remains is also cooled.

Evaporative cooling is used in an indirect fashion

Water coils are used in the indirect evaporative cooling process, which takes water that has been cooled according to the same principles as the direct evaporative cooling process. During the passage of the supply air through the coil, it cools in a reasonable manner (no added moisture). As a result, the indirect evaporative cooling supply air does not come into contact with any liquid.

To determine the efficiency of evaporative cooling tends, compare the temperatures of the dry bulb and wet bulb, which results in the wet-bulb depression being calculated. The psychometric chart below illustrates how a combination of direct and indirect evaporative cooling can provide 125 percent wet bulb cooling efficiency while introducing up to 50 percent less moisture into your environment, according to the manufacturer.

In contrast, while evaporative cooling can be used in virtually any industry sector, it is most commonly found in food manufacturing facilities. This is because the high temperature maintained within these facilities significantly reduces the level of humidity, thereby rendering most of the concerns associated with evaporative cooling moot and creating the environment necessary to improve the method’s operational efficiency.

According to our knowledge, a large number of food manufacturing companies are still utilizing general ventilation equipment and opening doors to reduce overall heat. The reality is that this is frequently ineffective, resulting in a stuffy environment with little or no air movement, particularly during the hotter summer months, which are accompanied by extremely high energy consumption expenses.

Evaporative cooling, when used in conjunction with strategically placed ventilation, has the potential to solve these problems with unprecedented energy efficiency and incredible cost reduction.

Increased efficiency and operational capability by introducing fresh, cool air into your facility are two benefits of evaporative cooling.

As a result of the elimination of refrigerant gases and the reduction of carbon emissions, your company’s environmental credentials will improve as well.

Choices To Evaporative Cooler Designs

There are many choices in the current market. Direct Evaporative Cooling (open-circuit) allows you to reduce the temperature by using the latent warmth of evaporation. This transforms water to vapor. This process does not alter the energy of the air. The warm, dry atmosphere changes into cool, humid air. Heat in the air evaporates the water.

Indirect Evaporative Cooling (closed-loop) is similar in function to direct evaporative cooling but involves some heat exchanger. The conditioned environment never comes into direct contact with the cooled, humid air.

Evaporative cooling is also available in two-stage evaporative cooling (or Indirect Direct). Traditional portable evaporative cooler use only a small fraction of the energy used by vapor-compression and absorption air conditioning systems. However, they can make people feel uncomfortable if the humidity is too high, even in extremely dry environments. Two-stage Evaporative Coolers do not produce the same humidity levels as single-stage models.

In the first stage, a cooler with two stages pre-cools warm air indirectly without adding humidity. This air is passed through a water-soaked pad in the second stage. As it cools, it will pick up humidity. Air is less humidified because it is pre-cooled before it reaches the second-stage evaporator. Manufacturers claim that the result is cool, humid air with a relative humidity range of 50% to 70%. This will depend on the climate. The relative humidity will be around 80% in a traditional system.

Cooler Pads

It is common for cooler pads to contain excelsior (wood wool, aspen wood fiber) – within a containment net. Modern materials like plastics, melamine, and paper are becoming more popular. Wood can absorb some of this water which allows wood fibers to cool passing vapor. As it allows for more air contact, the thickness and efficiency of this padding are important. For example, a pad with an eight-inch thickness will be more efficient than a one-inch.

Comparison To Air Conditioning


Installing Is Less Costly

The estimated cost of installation is between 1/8 and 1/2 the price of refrigerated AC conditioning

Operate At A Lower Cost

Operation costs are 1/4 the cost of refrigerated air.

The fan and water pumps consume less power than compressors, pumps, and blowers.

Ventilation Air

The building’s age-of-air is dramatically reduced by the constant and high volumetric flow of air through it.

Evaporative cooling can increase humidity in dry climates. This may help to improve thermal comfort.



High humidity and temperature can decrease the cooling ability of the evaporative coolant

No dehumidification. However, this is not a requirement in design. Evaporative cooling adds moistness to the air. This can improve thermal comfort in dry climates.


Air from the evaporative cooler is generally 80-90% relative humidity

The evaporation rate for moisture from the skin and nose, lungs, and eyes is reduced by humid air

Corrosion is worsened by high humidity. This can affect the life expectancy of electronic equipment.

High humidity can cause condensation. This is a problem in certain situations (e.g. Condensation can occur in electrical equipment, computers, and old wood.


A portable evaporative cooler requires a constant water supply to hydrate the pads

Water with high mineral content can leave deposits on the interior and pads. Water softeners and bleed-off systems can reduce this problem.

Protect your water supply line from freezing in winter. It will be necessary to drain the cooler and clean it regularly.

Rectangular Crystal Chandelier: Just What You Need To Beautify Your Home

Lighting fixtures can truly make or break the look of your entire room, this means you got to be thorough when purchasing one. If you don’t have much experience with light fixtures, crystal chandeliers can prove to be an easy option. They add a decorative flair and brightness to any room be it your kitchen, living room, dining room, bedroom, or bathroom.

One such light fixture is the Rectangular Raindrop Crystal Pendant Light. This product by Sofary is suitable for the kitchen, living room, and dining room. It is a pretty decent light fixture that can surely add beauty and sophistication to your home. Nevertheless, there are several other affordable options available on sofary.com.

There are many points to consider when you are finally out to purchase a rectangular chandelier. Some of these points are:

1. Size of the room

Measure the size of the room, or go through the blueprint. This is important to understand how much space will be needed to install a chandelier. Also, ensure you check the height of the room to ensure that the chandelier will comfortably hang from the ceiling.

2. Consider the interior of the room

Chandeliers come in countless designs and sizes, and depending on the design and mood of your room, you can easily find one. If your room is not completely designed yet, start planning before purchasing an exclusive chandelier. This will help you decide the material, size, and shape of a chandelier.

3. Check the crystal types

Nowadays, people prefer buying crystal chandeliers over glass ones. Crystals not only look much better but are even safe for installation and maintenance. Additionally, it is easier to find different patterns of crystals, and the way light hits through crystals is mesmerizing.

4. Incorporate LEDs

Along with finding a beautiful design, you must even consider eco-friendly options. For instance, chandeliers that have LED lights are energy-saving. You can even find chandeliers with LED and a dimmer.

5. Set a budget

There are several options to buy a chandelier and thus you need not settle. If you have a set budget, be rest assured that you will get what you are looking for. Spend some time comparing the designs and prices, even take a few estimations for the installation charges. The installation charges will vary depending on the size and type of chandelier.

Different types of chandeliers

Modern rectangular chandeliers

This type of chandelier is ideal for kitchen and dining areas. They are bright enough to ensure you will be able to carry out your routine kitchen tasks easily, as well as they add the required splendor to the room.

These chandeliers usually have crystals, beads, and shells. These elements create an everlasting impression, and the soft light coming through these elements gives a subtle glow to the entire room.

Contemporary pendant crystal lighting fixtures

Rectangular crystal pendant lights are great for hanging over a dining table. No matter what your decoration is, do consider modern pendant light fixtures.

All in all, rectangular crystal chandeliers can help you transform any ordinary room into some extraordinary space. So, start gathering info about the stores that stock rectangular crystal chandeliers.

Tips Will Help You Extend the Life of Your Office Chair Mats

Chair mats are an important feature of any office and serve a variety of functions. On tiled and even hardwood floors, desk chairs become stuck in the grooves and are difficult to move about on the carpet. Leg and back pain can be caused by pulling and pushing chairs around, but chair mats solve this problem by enabling the chairs to move around freely.

Chair mats protect your floors from scrapes and scratches produced by moving the chairs around, and they also help to maintain a neat appearance that keeps your office looking professional, making them a worthwhile investment. Here are a few pointers to help you maintain the appearance and longevity of your mats.

Chair Mats: How to Clean Them

It’s critical to maintain your chair mats clean because the material they’re composed of can turn discolored and unclean if not properly cared for. The good thing is that they’re quite simple to clean. Simply use a moist cloth to wash both sides of the mats after mixing some mild soap with warm water.

You can clean the spikes on the underside of the carpet chair mats using a tiny brush to remove stubborn dirt and stains. If you use the brush too vigorously, you risk damaging the cleats. Before replacing the mats, rinse them thoroughly and allow them to dry completely. To keep dust and debris from accumulating, clean the legs of the chairs as well as the floor beneath the mats.

Moisture and direct sunlight should be avoided.

Chair mats work best when the temperature is between 60 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit so don’t use them in regions that are too cold or too hot. Use shutters or drapes to keep the sun from harming the mats if your office is near a window with direct sunlight. It’s also a good idea to avoid using chair mats in areas where there’s a lot of moisture to avoid the formation of mold and mildew, which can cause major health concerns.

Employ the Appropriate Mats for the Task

There are many various types of chair mats available, so choosing the proper one for your flooring is crucial. When chair mats made for carpet are used on hardwood floors, they can damage the floor rather than protect it.

The cleats can dig into the surface, producing indentions and scratches that are expensive to repair, and using them on non-carpeted floors can harm the cleats as well. Slip and fall accidents can occur when a mat designed for hardwood floors or tile is used on carpet. The flat bottom has no method of gripping the carpet, allowing it to roll about easily.

Custom rugs with logo are the best choice for every business, because appearances are so essential in any business, protecting your investment is crucial. Using these simple steps, you can extend the life of your office chair mats and ensure that they continue to offer you excellent service for a long time.

Women’s CBD Oil Benefits and How to Use It Safely

CBD oil may be found almost anywhere. It might be difficult to sort through all of the alternatives and information available. We’re delving into the health advantages of CBD oil for women, as well as how to select a safe and ethically sourced CBD oil brand and a DIY on how to manufacture your own.

We want to put your mind at ease about the legality of taking CBD oil for medicinal purposes before we get into the advantages of CBD oil. We aren’t attorneys, and there isn’t a straightforward “yes” or “no” response to this issue. If you’re not sure if CBD oil is legal in your state, go to NORML for further information on your state’s cannabis legislation.

With the legalization of medicinal marijuana in many jurisdictions, it’s understandable that people are curious about it and the benefits of CBD oil, its more accessible cousin. CBD oil, often known as cannabidiol oil, is cannabis-derived oil.

What Exactly Is Cannabis?

The cannabis plant has been prized for millennia for its use as fiber, rope, food, and medicine, as well as its euphoric effects for religious and recreational purposes (source).

An endocannabinoid system exists in the human body (ECS). This widely distributed neuromodulatory system is involved in the development of the central nervous system, synaptic plasticity, and the response to endogenous and environmental insults. CBD oil is high in cannabinoids, which bind to specific brain receptors.

Cannabinoids are chemical substances found naturally in the resin or sap of the Cannabis sativa plant, of which marijuana is the most well-known. On the human central nervous system and immune system, these compounds have a drug-like action. When you consume CBD oil, cannabinoids are the compounds that cause mood changes, pain alleviation, and other transitory changes in the body.

THC is the most well-known cannabinoid, and it is this compound that gives individuals a “high” when they smoke marijuana. THC levels will be higher in CBD oil derived from medical marijuana (the only type of marijuana you should take for medicinal purposes).

This means that using it will give you a high.

It also implies that you will fail a drug test.

Another cannabinoid is cannabidiol, or CBD, which does not generate the same “high” like THC. It binds to the same receptors as THC, however, it has significantly less THC when extracted from the hemp plant. The “high” is no longer an issue.

CBD oil is now being studied to see if it’s a feasible treatment for a variety of illnesses that women face, and the early results are promising. CBD oil is already being used to treat epilepsy and to help cancer patients cope with the negative effects of chemotherapy (source).

CBD Oil’s Health Benefits for Women

To be clear, we’re talking about hemp oil, not marijuana oil purchased for recreational purposes.

Always with your doctor or an alternative healthcare expert before using something for medicinal purposes. This is especially true if you’re taking pain relievers or anti-anxiety or anti-depressant drugs.

With the newfound interest, the list of ailments for which CBD oil is prescribed is rising, and research into its use is increasing.

CBD oil is commonly used to treat the following conditions:

Pain Relief with CBD Oil

One of the most well-known CBD oil advantages in pain reduction. It has been discovered that it contains analgesic or pain-relieving effects (source). Taking CBD oil or applying a CBD roll-on to sore joints and arthritis discomfort can help. It can also aid in the rehabilitation of athletes. You can also use CBD cream for pain.

Women with chronic pain, such as fibromyalgia or some types of neuropathy, such as post-chemotherapy neuropathy, and even multiple sclerosis, have reported that CBD oil has helped them manage their pain.

How do I sell a trust house?

A trust is a financial entity that can hold assets that are not owned by individuals. Assets are deposited in the trust, and at least one trustee is appointed to appropriately administer the trust’s assets. The trustee has a responsibility to act in the trust’s best interests and to follow any conditions set forth when the trust was established. The beneficiaries of a trust are individuals who get paid or profit from the trust’s assets. An inheritance trust is a popular example, in which affluent parents choose a trusted friend or financial expert as the trustee of a trust that pays their children an income or distributes particular inherited assets without the need for probate.

For a variety of reasons, it is fairly usual to include homes and properties in a trust. Property under a trust may be managed in a more businesslike manner, and it also avoids the probate management wait if the homeowner passes away. Sell your house fast inside a trust can, of course, be difficult under law. It’s useful to know how trustee/beneficiary control of trust property works, as well as how to sell a trust house for the benefit of the trust’s total assets or for the advantage of the beneficiaries.

Trustees who are selling a trust house

When a house is owned by a trust, the trustee is the most likely to sell it. Trustees are frequently tasked with safeguarding trust assets and increasing the trust’s worth. The trustee has the authority to sell a residence quickly inside the trust if it is not a specified gift to a beneficiary or detrimental to the trust.

The right to sell

If you are the trustee of a trust with residential property, you can normally sell it for the benefit of the trust. This might be a single home or a group of residential investment properties. Check the rules of your trust, any planned specific gifts, and the benefit to the trust assets as a whole before selling.

The trust’s obligation

Trustees have discretion over trust assets, but only as long as they are acting in the best interests of the trust and the trust beneficiaries.

Beneficiaries of a trust selling a house from the trust

Because many trusts are created to segregate the governing trustee and beneficiary responsibilities, beneficiaries seldom have complete power over trust assets. This serves to secure trust assets while also ensuring that beneficiaries are not burdened with trust management – especially if beneficiaries are minors at the time the trust is established.

If you are a beneficiary and get a home as a gift, you can opt to sell it out of the trust assets.

House given to you by a trust

A residence in the trust assets generally acts as a source of wealth that is subsequently distributed to the beneficiary in a structured manner. However, the house might be given to you as a special gift from the trust or the trust’s original documents. The trustee must transfer the title and the beneficiary becomes the legal owner when a residence is given as a specific gift. Even though the house is still technically part of the trust, beneficiaries can make plans to sell it as they see appropriate.

How You Can Buy CBD?

The federal government considers a plant that contains less than 0.3 percent THC “industrial hemp” and, according to Colorado and most other states, it can legally be made into oils, tinctures, and topicals and sold to consumers. If a plant contains more than 0.3 percent of THC, the federal government considers it marijuana. Even states that allow it is strict about where products can be sold.

Because cannabis plants can absorb heavy metals, pesticides, and other potentially dangerous chemicals from the soil or water. Expert advises that cannabis plants be tested regularly while they grow and that finished products be tested using approved methods to protect against this risk.

Ask for test results

Ask for a COA (certificate of analysis) before you buy a product. This document shows how the product performed in tests to determine the presence of contaminants and CBD levels.

Avoid the online retailer and manufacturer if they don’t have the information or refuse to share it.

All hemp-derived CBD products sold at Indiana stores must now include a QR code on the label. This QR code allows consumers to download a product’s COA directly to their phones.

Expert suggests that you check the COA to ensure the product meets ISO 17025″ standards. This indicates that the laboratory adheres to high scientific standards. You should also check to see if a company uses testing methods that have been approved by one of three respected national standard-setting agencies.

Contrary to hemp-derived CBD products made from cannabis, they must be tested. This is at least for states that allow recreational and medical use of marijuana. Dispensary staff in some states are required to have the COAs readily available and be willing or able to share them with customers. You can go to another dispensary, or get another product if they don’t have the COA.

Expert states that testing is less consistent in states where marijuana has been legalized for medical use only.

Look out for products that list the CBD amount

Experts recommend starting with low doses of CBD products. Dosages are expressed in milligrams (or mgs). Consider tinctures that contain only 10 mg per dose.

However, you should be careful with products that only list the total amount of “cannabinoids” in them, and not the CBD content. These cannabinoids may include more than just CBD and THC, but also dozens of related compounds. Expert says that companies may choose to label their products this way because they believe it will be less scrutinized by the Food and Drug Administration.

These products don’t list the CBD content on the label and are often marketed as “whole-plant” or “full-spectrum” hemp products. They also claim to be rich in other compounds such as various fatty acids. These other compounds may provide additional health benefits. However, it’s not certain. You can check the COA if you have one to see how much CBD and THC they contain.

Learn What Other Terms May Mean on the Label

Some CBD oil for sale labeled with the word “CO2 extraction” may indicate that the CBD and other components were extracted from the plant using high-pressure carbon dioxide gas. This is not a chemical solvent. Expert states that depending on the CO2 extraction method used, it might be possible to extract CBD and other cannabinoids from the plant. This method isn’t necessarily better as it’s not clear if these other compounds offer additional health benefits. Expert states that it might not be safer because some CO2 extraction methods still require solvents.

Some CBD products include or come from “hemp oils.” This refers to CBD oil that is high in CBD, made mostly from the flowers, leaves, and resin of hemp plants. “Hemp oil” is a term that refers to oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant. It contains very little CBD. This oil is commonly found in hemp-based cosmetics and soaps.